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English : Grammar

Elliptics

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Apa itu “Elliptic”? Eliptic adalah aturan grammar dalam kalimat untuk meringkas kata dalam sebuah kalimat. Jadi kalimat Eliptic atau elliptical sentence adalah gabungan dua kalimat yang berbeda subyeknya tetapi predikatnya sama, dan digunakan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata. Tujuan dari dibentuknya kalimat elip yaitu untuk menyampaikan pernyataan secara sederhana dan sekaligus menghindari pengulangan unsur kalimat yang sama.

Kalimat Elliptic dalam bahasa Inggris pada umumnya menggunakan too (juga), so (juga), either (juga tidak), Neither (juga tidak), but (tetapi) dengan auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu)

Positive sentence : too dan so

too dan so  digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat positif yang memiliki prediket yang sama. Jadi anda harus selalu ingat bahwa too dan so  hanya digunakan untuk kalimat positif saja.

Berikut ini rumusnya:

  • ….. ,and + Subject + Auxiliary/ tobe / modal aux + too
  • ….. ,and + so + Auxiliary/ tobe/ modal aux + Subject

Contoh:

Dian is beautiful. Tia is beautiful.

Jika menggunakan : So

  • Dian is beautiful and, and so is Tia.

Jika menggunakan : Too

  • Dian is beautiful, and Tia is too.

Simak contoh berikut :

You are happy, and so am I. = and I am too.
You‘re going to Brazil in the summer, and so am I. = and I am too.
You look nice today, and so do you. = you do too.
Stephanie has a new boyfriend, and so has Mary. = Mary has too.
We went to the concert last night, and so did I. = I did too.
You would love a coffee right now, and so would I. = I would too.
He will win a prize, and so will I. = I will too.
They have finished their homework, and so have I. = I have too.
She can speak two languages, and so can I. = I can too.
He should study more, and so should I. = I should too.
We could see the mountains, and so could we. = We could too.
My brother had eaten too much, and so had I. = I had too.

Sedangkan Either dan Neither yang juga  digunakan untuk meringkas kalimat, namun khusus untuk kalimat negative. Dalam elliptical sentences yang menggunakan either dan neither memiliki rumus sebagai berikut:

  • ….. ,and + Subject + Auxiliary/ to be / modal aux + either
  • ….. ,and + neither + Auxiliary/ to be/ modal aux + Subject

Contoh :

He didn’t go to the meeting yesterday. She didn’t go to meeting yesterday

Jika menggunakan neither :

  • He didn’t go to meeting yesterday, and neither did she.

Jika menggunakan either :

  • He didn’t go to meeting yesterday, and she didn’t either.

 

Simak contoh berikut :

You are not hungry, and neither am I. = and I’m not either
You ‘re not going to quit, and neither am I. = and I’m not either
They don’t speak French, and neither do I. = and I don’t either.
Stephanie doesn’t eat meat, and neither does Mary. = and Mary doesn’t either.
Mary didn’t go to the party, and neither did I. = and I didn’t either.
She wouldn’t like to do his job, and neither would I. = and I wouldn’t either.
He won’t stop talking, and neither will you. = and you won’t either.
You haven’t finished your meal, and neither have you. = and you haven’t either.
Mike can’t reach the top shelf, and neither can I. = and I can’t either.
You shouldn’t talk in the movie, and neither should you. = and you shouldn’t either.
We couldn’t hear him, and neither could we. = and we couldn’t him either.
She hadn’t seen her before, and neither had I. = and I hadn’t either.

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