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English : Grammar

Gerunds : Verbal Nouns

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Gerunds (verbal nouns).  Gerund adalah kata kerja yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda. Apa ciri khas Gerund? Gerund akan berbentuk Verb + Ing. Sebagai contoh : go menjadi going, visit menjadi visiting, dive menjadi diving dan seterusnya. Dalam bahasa Inggris ada beberapa jenis gerund. Silahkan anda simak materi berikut :

  1. Gerund as subject. Subject atau subyek sebuah kalimat dapat berbentuk kata kerja, maka jika subject berbentuk kata kerja harus berubah dalam gerund.

For example:

  • Swimming is my interest lately.
  • Smoking is dangerous for human healthy.
  • Having a trip to Bali is very exciting
  1. Gerund as Object : Bila objek kalimat dalam bentuk kata kerja, maka harus dalam bentuk benda dalam hal ini berbentuk Gerund.

For example:

  • We have delayed staying longer in this hotel.
  • She will enjoy seeing the reality show on TV program.

The verbs that must be followed by gerund are:  appreciate, admit, avoid, consider, delay, like, discuss, enjoy, finish, mind, miss,  postpone, quit, risk, regret, suggest. 

  1. Gerund as Object of Preposition. Bila ada preposisi dan diikuti kata kerja maka kata kerjanya harus berbentuk benda atau Gerund.

For example:

  • The committee will talk  about solving  the recent problem.
  • Their preparation for traveling abroad is ready.
  • After listening the radio, he started to eat dinner.

Preposition in English such as :  about, after, at, before, by, during,  for, in,  of, on , with,  without etc. 

 

  1. Gerund as Predicative complement. Jika object complement dalam bentuk kata kerja maka berbentuk Gerund.

For example:

  • My main interest is seeing the art gallery.
  • His hobby is fishing on the sea.

 

  1. Prefer ing form  to ing form : Bila kalimat prefer diikuti kata kerja maka juga harus berbentuk Gerund

For example:

  • I prefer going to the cinema to watching TV programs.
  • She prefers dancing with me.

Simak juga :

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