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English : Sekitar Bedah Ujian Nasional

Memahami soal Listening (Pictures/Photographs)

Nestle_in_pictures_2012_Feature

Memahami SKL menjadi sangat penting dalam mengerjakan soal-saol UN (Ujian Nasional). Dalam soal bahasa Inggris akan kita jumpai soal Listening yang berkaitan dengan Pictures/Photographs. Bagaimana tips untuk mengerjakan soal Pictures/Photographs. Berikut sedikit penjelasan poin-poin materi penting untuk mengerjakan soal listening dalam bahasa Inggris bagian pertama tersebut.

1.       Present Continuous/Progressive (kegiatan sedang berlangsung).

  • Menentukan pernyataan lisan dengan tepat tentang kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung di dalam ruangan (indoor)/di luar ruangan (outdoor) sesuai dengan gambar.
Tenses Example Time signal
Present Progressive am   eating  the dinnerisare now, right now, at this moment, today, Look……, Listen……
Active VoicePassive Voice She is cleaning the room. (active)The room is being cleaned.  (passive)

For example :

  • Active    : He is watering the plants. (Dia sedang menyiram tanaman)
  • Passive : The plants are being watered. (Tanaman itu sedang disiram)
  • Active    : They’re having a meeting (Mereka sedang menyelenggrakan rapat)
  • Passive : The meeting is being held. etc. (Rapat sedang diselenggarakan)
  • Active    : The woman is repairing her dress. (Wanita itu sedang memperbaiki pakaiannya)
  • Passive : The dress is being repaired. (Pakaian sedang diperbaiki)
  • Active    : The receptionist is serving the guests. (Resepsionis sedang melayani para tamu)
  • Passive  : The guest is being served by the hotel staff. (Tamu sedang dilayani oleh staf hotel)

2.       Presposition / Kata depan (Lokasi benda)

  • Menentukan pernyataan lisan dengan tepat tentang lokasi suatu benda/posisi seseorang sesuai dengan gambar.

Hal penting memahami preposition adalah  1) macamnya  dan  artinya  2)penggunaannya.   Macamnya lihat table berikut :

  • In = di/didalam
  • Inside = di dalam
  • Outside = di luarAt = di
  • on = di/ di atas (menempel)
  • Obove/ over = di atas (tidak menempel)
  • To = ke
  • Into = ke/menuju
  • Up = ke atas
  • Down = ke bawah
  • Under = di bawah
  • Through = melalui
  • Round = di sekitar
  • Past = melalui
  • Across = menyebrangi
  • Between = di antara (dua)
  • Among + di antara (banyak)
  • Of = dari
  • Before = sebelum
  • After = setelah
  • For = selama
  • Since = sejak
  • Like = seperti
  • By = sekitar/mendekati
  • Along = selama/sepanjang
  • from = dari
  • During = selama
  • As : sebagai
  • Till/until = sampai
  • with = dengan
  • without = tanpa
  • etc.

Note : in front of, at the back, on the left side / on the right side

Preposition  of place  : in,  on, and  at

  • Use preposition in for : continent, island, country, province, city, and town.  ( in Asia, in Bali, in Japan, in Central Java, in Bandung, in Purwokerto, etc.)
  • except : in the house,  in the classroom, in the office
  • Use preposition on for : address  ( on Jl Diponegoro, but at Jl Diponegora 9 )
  • Use preposition at for : a point of place ( at school, home, at  bus station, at airport.  etc.)

For example:

  • The cab is being parked at the parking lot. (Taxi itu sedang diparkir di tempat parkir)
  • Some books are arranged inside the bookshelf. (Beberapa buku diatur di rak buku)
  • The picture  is attaching on the wall. (Gambar itu sedang dipasang di dinding)
  • The police officer is standing by the traffic light. (Polisi itu sedang berdiri di dekat lampu lalu lintas)
  • The receptionists are waiting the guests behind the desk. (Resepsionis itu sedang menunggu tamu dibelakang meja)
  • The boys is standing on river bank. (Anak-anak sedang berdiri di tepi sungai)

 

3.  Physical Appearance : Describing People

  • Menentukan pernyataan lisan dengan tepat tentang penampilan (ciri-ciri fisik) seseorang/deskripsi benda sesuai dengan gambar.
Describing People – Appearance, physically
Hair  : straight, wavy, curly, a crew cut, bald, receding (=moving back). long, middle, short. black, blonde, ginger haired, red haired, grey.auburn hair (red-brown).

Face : thin-faced, round-faced, dark-skinned, freckles-face, chubby-face, a few wrinkle face, pointed nose, flat nose. Big eyes, small eyes.

Height and build  : tall man, short girl, a rather plump or stout man,  a slim woman, obese man (very fat),  over weight,  well-build man or muscular man, skinny woman (very thin).

General appearance : smart, elegant, well-dressed, untidy-looking, good-looking. pretty, beautiful, gorgeous, awesome, ugly.

Describing People – Character Intellectual ability   : intelligent, bright, clever, smart, able, gifted, talented, brainy.

Lacking ability  : stupid, foolish, half witted, simple, silly, brainless, daft, dump.

Attitude   : optimistic x pessimistic, extroverted x introverted,  relaxed x tense. sociable, easy-going, even-tempered,  sincere, jealous, envious. stubborn,  arrogant, aggressive, bossy, weird, odd, peculiar, eccentric, permissive x strict, naive, sensible, courteous.

For example:

  • The woman has long blonde hair. (Wanita itu memiliki rambut pirang yang panjang)
  • The man is wearing the scarf around his neck. (Orang itu sedang mengenakan syal di lehernya)
  • Both men are wearing suits and ties. (Kedua laki-laki itu mengenakan jas dan dasi)
  • Only one girl is wearing the headscarf. (Hanya satu gadis yang mengenakan jilbab)
  • The man looks fat and bald. (Lelaki itu tampak gemuk dan botak)
  • One of the boys is shorter than the girl. (Satu dari anak-anak itu lebih pendek dari gadis itu)

Describing Things  ( Place, sites and regions)

  • Menentukan pernyataan lisan tentang keadaan/situasi di suatu tempat/gedung/wilayah, sesuai dengan gambar.

For example:

  • The road looks very crowded.(Jalan tampak sangat sibuk)
  • The road winds around the hill. (Jalan berkelok-kelok di atas bukit)
  • The building is still under construction. (Gedung itu masih dalam taraf pembangunan)
  • The lawn is very clean and tidy. (Lapangan rumput itu sangat bersih dan rapi)
  • The office looks vacant for its employees. (Kator itu tampak kosong dari para karyawannya)
  • The stadium is full of spectators. (Stadion itu penuh dengan para penonton)

Selamat memahami dan belajar. Semoga bermanfaat.

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